Before we begin talking about sound and how to record the sound of a piano, we must first understand how that sound is produced and naturally amplified by the instrument.The diagram to the left illustrates a few of the most important parts on the inside of a piano. Click on the “Voice” button and select the Audio Recorder to activate the microphone. Rugs and some furniture can help eliminate unwanted echoing, as well as window curtains. A second option is to keep the front panel removed (but close the top lid), and to have a microphone either side of the pianist – one pointing towards the low-end strings, the other towards the high-end strings. It gives you the possibility to play the piano online using your mouse or your computer's keyboard. How To Record A Grand Piano THE PIANO. December 17, 2018 . The reason for this is that you will be able to edit the sound digitally with software later on and to experiment with different settings. With this new method, it meant that one man could now do alone, what used to require an entire team of engineers and musicians. The high-quality ones are available for MAC systems. Lastly, you are going to need a good computer, an audio interface which helps to connect your microphone to your computer, and a type of program called Digital Audio Interface (DAW). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. If the mics are too far apart, you’ll hear a ‘hole-in-the-middle’ – the left and right channels will sound like two separate signals instead of one ‘signal’ (the piano) spread across two channels. How to Choose the Best Digital Piano for Your Students, Hybrid Piano Review: Casio Celviano Grand Hybrid GP500, The Art of Tidying Up Your Space for Online Lessons. Thanks in advance, Mike. Most recording software does not limit itself to piano recordings, but also helps you record with multiple instruments as well, using multiple track recording. I am trying to record audio from my digital piano, Yamaha P-80. The mic used for the lower notes is usually panned to the left and the mic for higher notes panned to the right, reflecting how a pianist would hear the instrument when playing. Things like air conditioning and fridges shouldn’t be anywhere near the room or should be turned off. You can, later on, adapt to your own needs and budget. Read more: How YouTube can encourage effective practice. You can add echo or simulate different types of rooms and environments. The problem is that most studios and professional recording technicians charge quite a lot of money for their services. If you wish to record the audio of your piano, then refer to the PianoDreamers guide on recording audio. With an upright piano, the best results come from using close mic techniques. As a result, most of the time you'll want to close‑mike uprights, rather than trying ambient techniques. Go forth, and develop some awesome audio applications! Feel free to check out the ultimate recording guide on how to record midi/audio from your digital piano. Turn off "WARP" if you dont want any "changes" made to the audio. One option is to open the top lid and to remove the front panel of the piano. Another program, Anvil Studios, is able to recognize and record via USB from my keyboard. Live should send MIDI notes to the synth, which will send audio back to Live. If you should need to darken the recorded sound of the piano even more, move the mics farther from the hammers, closer to the end of the piano. The principal differencebetween audio and MIDI data is that audio consists of information on sound, like frequencies and amplitude, while MIDI data doesn’t. Generally the first mics that I set up are directly above the hammers of the piano. Sticking to a few core techniques can help you capture solid recordings and record the take you want. I have attached a brief recording of my daughter playing our piano. You want to avoid putting the mics too close to the piano’s strings, though, as the mid-range frequencies may start to overwhelm the lows and the highs. I was surprised how similar in sound our two recorded versions were, especially when you consider that I was using a small Alesis mixer while Hugh used his Focusrite and GML preamps and had better mics available for the piano. GarageBand allows adjusting the recording input level on the slider called "IN", so I figured this would prevent distorted recordings. This gives a bright sound, rich in harmonics and with a lot of hammer attack, excellent for rhythmic parts that need to cut through a busy arrangement. Audacity is versatile and had even been used to record albums. 3) You can record the sound of your keyboard, but you’ll need a different kind of setup for that unless your instrument supports audio via USB, which is not the case with the P-45 (the P-125 does have that though). You could even remove the piano’s backboard and have two condenser mics pointing towards the piano, at a distance of around a foot. If you’re in a room that has nice acoustics, using the omnidirectional polar pattern can help you capture a nice low-end from the piano – omni mics generally have a better low-frequency response compared to cardioids, and they also don’t suffer from the proximity effect. The audio interface is a peripheral device that takes the signals from your microphones and transforms them into something that the computer can read. The computer you are using and your so ware should be able to recognize the audio interface and the microphones, but if they don’t, make sure to look up possible solutions online before blaming it on the gear. Instead, MIDI contains the information of the MIDI messages that are generated by your electronic musical instrument when you are playing it. At this point you should have a solid foundation to begin working with virtual pianos. Plus, the use of an interface will make for a more accurate recording. This piano keyboard is quite simple and user-friendly. But don’t put the mics too close together either – you’ll start to lose the stereo picture, which is the whole point of using two mics. A recording with this setup gives an audience’s perspective of the piano sound, and the amount of ambience in the recording can be increased by moving the microphones farther away from the instrument. For this, you might need a special microphone stand. If you want better microphones, consider getting second-hand mics. For piano recording, you need two microphones for a realistic sound recording. It’s one of the main reasons why condenser microphones, both large-diaphragm and small-diaphragm, are much better suited to recording piano than dynamic models (ribbon mics will also sound nice). Besides picking up a bit less of the transient high frequencies, this placement also brings the mics closer to where the instrument’s bass strings cross under the midrange strings, which will enhance the bottom end of the piano. Now your MIDI track will record and then play back MIDI to your instrument over USB, and your audio track will record the audio output from your instrument. EQ is a hard problem, and nothing will magically solve it for you. With an upright piano, the best results come from using close mic techniques. In a separate post we looked at how to record the sound of your keyboard or digital piano. Make sure that your piano is tuned precisely before attempting to record anything. Play the online piano with a mouse, with your fingers if you have a touch screen, with your computer's keyboard, or even with a real piano (to learn the songs). But I will give you one important tip: Take your time when recording. We will explain this in more detail right away. Although you can record your digital piano into a DAW as an audio file, when it comes to MIDI, you will still need a piano VST, as your digital piano acts more of a MIDI controller to send notes and CC data to your computer/device. Recording music using digital pianos is one element that sets the standards for this musical instrument. Home » Recording » Recording Piano – Discover How With This Simple Guide. Step-by-step guide: How to record audio and MIDI from your digital piano or keyboard at the same time. And, no one wants that. Then click on “New MIDI track” or “New Audio Track.” The recording will begin and will record the sound produced by your keyboard. It makes the positioning of your microphones very important to get right. You can even use a PZM in a situation where you’re opening the lid as well. Add layers to your music by recording additional lines of music on subsequent audio … My experiences in recording piano live & in studio have been with 1st, electric grands by Yamaha & Kawai and Steinway Concert Grand acoustic in Capricorn Studio. How to record vertical Piano with 2 microphones. So, what is the low- budget alternative? Step 2: Will You Record On Computer, Laptop, iPhone or iPad? It comes with a free home studio guide as well. If you're unable to remove the top or front panels, recording from the rear of the piano with a stereo pair can give a surprisingly well‑balanced sound. To actually hear the sound, you could get a splitter, and then output the audio to headphones or speakers at the same time you direct it … Simply record these with wherever the sound comes out of facing the microphone. In addition to our original Piano sound, you can also access additional musical instrument sounds such as Organ, Harpsichord or Harp. To get your recording into the computer, you need to connect your microphones to an audio interface, which is then connected to your computer. The inputs and outputs that your computer can accommodate will be widely expanded with the use of an audio interface. Maybe you want to record them to show them what they are doing right or wrong? Learn to play piano songs with an easy step by step method. Placing the mics closer to the piano will capture more of this direct sound, and reduce the effects of the off-axis spillage from the room’s environment. Home recording Piano - How to record upright piano. Position 2 microphones from above (remembering to use 3-to-1 spacing), around 2-3 feet away. 4. In summary when recording a Grand piano you need to: Use a bigger room as this will provide a fuller sound Use a mic with a delicate diaphragm such as a ribbon or condenser microphone Open the lid to provide a fuller, clearer sound MIDI is not sound. If the interface uses a USB link, … Audio Interface Setup. Record Enable that track 10. If you do hear the effects of phase cancellation between the two mics (like losing the low-end, or mid-range filtering): The frequency range of a piano is potentially very wide – the lowest note on a grand starts at 26 Hz, and it’s upper harmonics can go way over our own 20 kHz hearing limit. “Recording Software”) ... Recording Yourself Playing Piano. There are many DAWs out there. It can also be used to process different types of audio sounds. This software can be used to add popular effects such as fading in and out, trimming, normalization and so on. There are lots of different ways to record piano, and each technique will produce its own kind of tone. A good audio interface to start out with is the Tascam US-122. It allows engineers to mold and shape the sound of each instrument independently of the others. When I was working on this project, I kept referencing Dave Brubeck records to try and emulate his piano sound. Recording a piano is not the easiest task in the world. Check out our ultimate beginner guide to using a Digital Audio Interface by clicking here. The sound recording is the very first step, but also the most important. Step by Step Process. When you have finished recording, the waveform of your recording should appear in the Audacity window. These days this approach is primarily used for classical music recordings, where the intent is effectively to recreate a 'best seat in the auditorium' sound for the listener at home. Make sure to eliminate noise sources before recording. Pianos can produce beautifully rich tones when they’re played well, and a well-recorded piano can add another dimension and a human quality to your music. The DAW (digital audio workstation) is a multitrack recorder + mixer in software form. In order to record your music, you will need to click “Track,” which is at the top of a menu bar. Remove The Panels. There is no "piano" setting that will make it suddenly sound good. The audio excerpt that illustrates this article was made with a simulation of the Mozarteum’s great hall in Vienna on a Bluethner Model One grand piano. Discover our growing list of free Interactive Songs and experience the joy of playing popular pieces like a professional pianist. I was using the Voice Memos app previously, but the sound was distorted. Now I have an audio cable that can be connected to the line-out connections of the piano, and on the other end it has a 3.5mm audio jack. VST instruments offer a range of options for your recording needs. I'm trying to record an acoustic upright piano using GarageBand on my iPhone. Audacity is versatile and had even been used to record albums. Some are expensive. Record and Save your own music compositions so you can play them back anytime you want. It comes with loads of additional features for editing and adding effects to your recording. There are a lot of different approaches to this, but you can start out with something called X/Y placement. You’ll stop hearing the sound your computer produces, but you can use any audio-recording program to record the “line in” or “microphone” input. One way to record a piano is to attempt to capture its sound within a suitable room acoustic, as naturally as possible using ambient microphone techniques. Sometimes, people are even selling additional microphone stands and cables along with the mic, but you always have to be careful – don’t buy any expensive gear without testing it at the seller’s home or studio, and make sure that you either know what you are doing or that you bring an experienced friend with you. If you have an audio interface, _use it_. (There is a lot more to it than that. A few things to keep in mind when you recording piano are: Recording in mono with one mic or in stereo with two mics are both good options for recording piano. In … The Recording Process. You may not like the preset sounds in your digital keyboard, or you may want to broaden your sound palette with different piano samples or to experiment with other instruments. I am trying to make the sound more crisp and less muffled. Earlier models aren’t usually compatible with the software, as they lack the audio function on their USB. Sound recording step. All kinds of editing features, special effects, sequencing, etc. That’s a topic for another post. If you are happy with the final result, then you are ready to publish your work! I've put both jack plugs in, one into the OUT on the piano and the other into the red mike socket at the top but it comes out very distorted. You could even use automation to have a slightly narrower piano during the verses and then a wider piano during the choruses – a little production tip that can help to give a chorus more impact. It goes without saying that if you want a quality recording, the piano has to be in tune. Click the record button (circled in black) to begin recording audio from your keyboard. It cuts down on unwanted ambience from the room, and you can then add reverb during mixing to help blend the piano with the other instruments in your production. Maybe your students want their music to be out in the world via YouTube. And remember the 3-to-1 rule to help deal with any possible phase issues. Set up the instrument. Want to play the piano but don't know how? This interface connects to a PC or a laptop per USB and it comes with two standard microphone inputs. When you have finished recording click the stop button (circled in yellow). It’s pretty unlikely that you’ll have a grand piano as a home studio owner (uprights and digital pianos will be more common), which is why I’m going to keep it simple. Go forth and tickle those ivories. These are pro-quality samples of real instruments recordings selected for their authenticity and musicality. There are a lot of software options available. Some are free. Have someone help you with the recording and editing, two or three people can achieve so much more than a single person. A piano is a notoriously difficult instrument to record, so sticking to the basics will help you capture great material to work with when it comes to mixing, processing, or adding effects. One option is to open the top lid and to remove the front panel of the piano. As with any instrument, there are multiple ways to mic an upright piano. As a rule of thumb it’s best to avoid using dynamic mics, for example a Shure SM58 or SM57 . So I connected this cable to my laptop, which sadly has only a combined headphone/microphone audio jack, which is apparently not a line-in if I am right. Make sure you have correctly connected up your audio interface, and have checked in the Audio/MIDI setup on your computer that it is correctly installed. The discussion on how to record digital piano in Audacity should start with the type of keyboard you have at home. Once you’ve got the track recorded, you will have to spend some time adding effects to your software. Getting models like the Studio Projects C1 (or Studio Projects B1 if you are on a very tight budget) will be good enough for beginner sessions, as well as anything by the company Shure. The piano sound you will most often hear in pop music and in jazz is the close-miked sound. are included in a DAW.) The software records audio and post-processes it too, which makes it the perfect all-around tool for musicians. The interface counteracts the sonic limitations of your computer, enabling it to capture the sounds of your piano. Some tracks will read as “Audio Track” or “Basic Track,” while others read as “MIDI Track” or “Software Track.” Select an audio track, and not a MIDI track, to record using your current connection, and press the “Record” button. We also examined the issue of how to capture vocals and piano for piano and keyboard teachers who want to teach piano or keyboard online. For Windows, you are probably going to find tons of freeware programs. Let’s consider you have only a piano and a computer and you need to record what you play in your digital piano on your computer. You can also use the M/S technique to great effect if you’re recording piano at home. Outside of GIRATS (Getting It Right At The Source), Balancing is BY FAR the … The sound and tones you’re trying to capture when recording a piano are far more delicate and intricate than a snare drum or guitar amp so it’s essential to pick appropriate microphones. 7. Raising the level of the side microphone will widen the stereo image, giving you great control of the stereo width during the mixing stage. I've trying to record a piano either using a portable recorder as Tascam DR-07MK2 or a B2-Pro but every time I get confused about what would be the correct audio level for the input audio. Enjoying jamming and teaching, he runs The Musician Lab, a space to learn and get involved with music. Related: FREE DOWNLOAD | My new GarageBand course for piano teachers. 2. How YouTube can encourage effective practice, FREE DOWNLOAD | My new GarageBand course for piano teachers, 4 Different Budgets for Music Teachers to Create a Professional Recording Studio, 10 Christmas Books Your Students Will Love, including Free Lead Sheets, Success Tips for Managing the Disrespectful Piano Student, Finding Balance between Piano Teaching and Family, Why I built the Music Teachers’ Marketplace, Music Teachers Discounts at Office Depot and More. Features of Audacity. Various piano samples are provided. Today, we’re going to talk a little bit about recording a piano. That should give slightly worse quality than recording the input directly. I just cannot determine what filter might clean up the muffled sound. But if the piano is recorded really well, then even a novice mixer can make it shine! Step 6: Fix any errors. I used the first three seconds of audio as criteria to remove any background noise. Need some more technology help? Large-diaphragm models are the best option here, but small-diaphragm mics still work really well. Your question concerns recording sound but you show us only the MIDI setup. How to Record MIDI in FL Studio. Home studios are usually restricted in the space available, which makes a piano perfect for close micing. It would be helpful if you could post an example of this "toy piano" sound. Try to avoid playing up against walls or in corners – it can easily affect the balance of frequencies picked up by the mics. Why Should I Use VSTs? Get a cable to connect it to the piano's output. Best Headphones for Producing EDM – Audio-Technica ATH-M50x Review, Best 3 Inch Studio Monitors – M-Audio AV32 Review, Best Single Channel Audio Interface – Focusrite Scarlett Solo Review, Best 2 Input Audio Interface – Focusrite Scarlett 2i2 Review. You want to properly hear how your recording sounds. For piano recording, you need two microphones for a realistic sound recording. Thus, when recording an a… This software can be used to add popular effects such as fading in and out, trimming, normalization and so on. So, here’s where you take a deep breath, get ready and press the record button. If for any reason the X/Y placement doesn’t work out for you, you can start spacing the microphones apart. Recording in mono is definitely the easiest choice, but the sound can be narrow and a bit flat – it won’t reflect the real way that we hear the instrument (in stereo), with the lower frequencies panned to one side and the higher frequencies panned to the other side. Some are free. Practical Music Production is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com, Copyright © 2020 by Practical Music Production, The Music Recording Studio and How it Works, The Recording Engineer and Other Roles Found in the Studio, Discover the Simple Secrets to Recording Acoustic Guitar, 5 Simple Reasons Why You Should Use a Portable Vocal Booth, Recording Piano – Discover How With This Simple Guide. Another good option is getting a pair of MXL 990/993 microphones. Main Music Recording Features. Unplug the microphone and plug in the guitar, keyboard, bass or other electric instrument. Field Recorder (Audio Only) DAW (Digital Audio Workstation, a.k.a. Thanks for posting this – much appreciated! (Or All The Above!). Noise from the piano’s pedals can also be an issue – WD-40 can usually sort this out though. The Bottom line. The last step is to fix up any errors you made. The XY technique with microphones. We also examined the issue of how to capture vocals and piano for piano and keyboard teachers who want to teach piano or keyboard online. A real common method of miking a piano in a live setting is to use a PZM (Pressure Zone Microphone), which is a flat mic that people will tape or velcro to the underside of the lid. You shouldn’t overdo it, though. You can record your piano notes and play them again. This recording can be saved as an audio file. Nowadays, there are more and more musicians and everyone wants to share their skills with the rest of the world. This will serve as an advantage on recording a full band music with an easy-to-use interface. It can also be used to process different types of audio sounds. Some are expensive. Remember, buying the perfect mic for piano is very important especially when you are recording because a mic does more than just increasing the volume. There are two main types of acoustic piano: A piano will go out of tune at some point, and the only way around it is to get a professional piano tuner to re-tune it. The inputs and outputs that your computer can accommodate will be widely expanded with the use of an audio … So, back to the original question: is Audacity able to record sound from a keyboard connected through USB? If they are not tuned correctly, your music will sound off. Not many of us have ready access to a glorious concert grand stationed in the middle of a beautiful recording studio. Then set up an audio track in your DAW to record the audio inputs on your interface that you’ve connected your instrument to. Repertoire Rap #2: Film and New Age music that teens and adults love, 6 mistakes I made when I started teaching piano, TC218: Emotive Repertoire for Teens and Adults from Movies & New Age, TC217: Penelope Roskell’s Top Tips for a Healthy Technique, TC216: Teaching Gamified Sight Reading with Percussionist Nathan Petitpas, TC215: Research-backed insights on piano student retention with Karen Gerelus, TC214: The 5 Myths of Improvisation with Bradley Sowash. When it comes to judging the space between your two microphones, remember that the overall goal is to produce a panoramic stereo spread of the piano. If you’re unable to use a real piano in your own studio (and I’d predict that most home studio owners are in this position), or if your room acoustics cause too many issues, there are a couple of alternatives: As with any instrument, the microphones you use and where you place them can have a big impact on the recorded sound. A small room will mean plenty of reflections entering the microphones which could result in some phase issues, with standing waves and resonances also potentially causing problems. Hit play/record. Every time we happen to see a video with someone playing a classical piano composition, we can notice the artist plays a beautiful coda or grand coda piano… There are many websites that can help you learn about music production, recording, and playing, so make sure to check them out. You can find pictures of this online, but basically, the microphones create a 90-degree angle. If it’s just for practicing or recording ideas quickly, maybe do it that way. Audacity can be used to record from a variety of sources and musical instruments. Features of Audacity Best Mic for Piano. Recording piano in a small room can often result in a slightly unnatural sound. But at least it is not the most expensive task, either. Let’s find out! There are plenty of ways to record a piano, and the first is by simply using your smartphone. Not only does it help eliminate bleed if the piano is recorded in the live room with the rest of a band, but it also gives the mix engineer a wide range of choices to help what usually is the physically largest instrument fit into the mix.